Information About The Examination Of The Heart

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Examination Of The Heart

Heart examination is an examination conducted to detect the possibility of disruptions in the heart, or as a preventive of heart disease.

Even though it is very dangerous and can cause death, heart disease can be prevented in most people. In order to detect heart disease early, it is advisable to immediately check me to the doctor if you are experiencing symptoms.

Cardiac ultrasound examination

Indication Of Heart Examination
Examination of the heart is highly recommended to be done by someone who has symptoms of heart disease, as it is easy to feel tired, heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, or swelling in both legs and stomach.

Warning Of Heart Examination

  • Pregnant women should not undergo heart examination with x-ray imaging methods, such as CT scans and X-rays of the chest.
  • For patients who are planning on undergoing MRI examination of the heart, are required to notify the doctor if there are any metal implants in his body.
  • There is a kind of heart examination using liquid relief contrast. For patients who have a history of allergy to the liquid, it is recommended to inform the doctor.
  • Tell the doctor about any medication that is being consumed. The doctor may ask the patient discontinue the consumption of certain drugs before heart Checkup done.
  • Please inform the doctor if you have fear of narrow spaces (claustrophobia). The doctor can give you a sedative prior to the examination of the heart

The Preparation Of The Examination Of The Heart
For those of you who are planning to undergo heart examination, consider some of the following in order to make the inspection went smoothly and get accurate results.

  • Avoid drinking cold water or exercise prior to undergoing the examination of electrocardiography (ECG), because it could affect the results of the examination.
  • Patients who are planning to undergo a stress test are advised to wear comfortable clothes and shoes.
  • In patients who will undergo a CT scan, heart examination should not be eaten during the 4-8 hours before the examination. Patients were allowed to drink, as long as not caffeinated beverages.
  • Prior to undergoing the examination of CT scan, MRI, X-ray or chest, patients are required to take off all jewelry and accessories made of metal.
  • Do not smoke for 2 hours prior to the examination.

The Procedure Of Examination Of The Heart
To get a diagnosis of a heart condition, heart doctors can run one or a series of tests. The first step is to ask the doctor about the symptoms experienced by the patient, and the patient's medical history and her family. It is asked because of heart disease can be related to genetic factors. Then the doctor will examine the patient's heart, such as pulse and heart sounds.

After physical examination was done, the doctor may advise patients to undergo blood tests, for example, the examination of the levels of cholesterol and C-reactive protein (CRP). The results of this examination can be used to assess the risk of patients experiencing heart disease. In addition to blood tests, below are the kinds of more advanced checks that can be recommended by a doctor.

Noninvasive examination

This examination does not require making an incision in the skin to enter the medical device. Several noninvasive examinations to check the condition of the heart are:

Electrocardiography (ECG) is a short test to record the electrical activity of the heart using electrodes connected to an ECG machine. The test is performed on patients who showed symptoms of chest pain, respiratory disorders, fatigue, heart rhythm disorders and. ECG procedures only lasted about 10 minutes.

Echocardiography is a test that uses sound waves to look at the condition of the heart and heart valves. On the resulting image, sound waves can be seen when there are blood clots, fluid in thin membranes that line the pockets of the heart (pericardium), or disorders of the blood vessels are the largest arteries (aorta). These tests generally last less than 1 hour.

Test pressure (stress test)
Pressure test performed to monitor the work of the heart with ECG or echocardiography while undergoing physical activity or given special medicines, so that unknown or no disruption of blood flow to and from the heart. In this test, the patient is asked to walk on a treadmill or using a static bicycle, beginning with low speed then gradually improved its speed.

For patients undergoing exercise, your doctor will monitor your heart rhythm and blood pressure, patients. The test will be stopped if patients feel the symptoms, such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, or fatigue.

Carotid Doppler ULTRASOUND
This inspection is carried out to find out or no blockages in the carotid arteries, which lie on either side of the neck. A procedure that uses ULTRASOUND media generally lasted 10-30 seconds.

Holter monitoring
Holter monitoring is a test that monitors and record the electrical activity of the heart for 24 hours, via a small device called a Holter monitor. Holter monitor used in the patient's chest for worn 1-2 today, while the patient is undergoing daily activity normally.

Tilt table test
This inspection is carried out to find out who was the cause of the patient's unconscious. In this test, the patient was laid on the table of the checks will be driven from the position of sleep to an upright position or standing. At the same time, the doctor will check the heart rhythm, blood pressure, and oxygen levels in the body. The inspection results will help doctors determine whether a patient experienced syncope caused by heart disease or because of other conditions.

Chest x-rays
X-rays of the chest is the examination procedure using x-ray radiation X-rays to produce images of internal organs, tissue, and bone. This procedure is done to see the condition of the heart, respiratory tract and lungs, and blood vessels and bones in the chest cavity. This examination lasts about 20 minutes.

The heart CT scan
A CT scan of the heart is the checks using x-ray radiation, to know some disorders of the heart, such as congenital heart disease, blood clots in the heart, fatty plaques in the coronary arteries, and heart valve abnormalities. This examination lasts about 10 minutes.

Cardiac MRI
MRI examination of the heart are using magnetic fields and radio waves, to find out the condition of the heart and blood vessels in the vicinity. This examination can detect abnormalities of the heart, coronary heart disease, heart failure, heart valve abnormalities, and pericarditis. Examination with MRI can last for 30-90 minutes.

Examination invasive

If the results of a physical examination, blood tests, and noninvasive procedures have not provided certainty, doctors can perform invasive procedures, such as:

Coronary angiography
Coronary angiography or cardiac char the examination was performed on patients suspected of undergoing a coronary heart disease. In this procedure, a contrast fluid will be injected into the vein through a catheter. Then the doctor would see the flow of blood toward the heart through x-rays that looked at the monitor.

Cardiac Electrophysiology
Electrophysiology of the heart performed on patients with arrhythmia. In this examination, the doctor inserting electrodes into the heart through a catheter. The electrode function to send electrical signals to the heart, and record a response from the heart.

Post-war Examination Of The Heart
Patients generally can go straight home after the examination of the heart. For patients who are given a sedative before the inspection, it is advisable to accompanied by family or friends when home.

For patients who undergo cardiac examination with contrast substances, the doctor will suggest drinking plenty of water help speed up the disposal of fluids from the body.

On examination, ECG results could immediately after the examination was completed. Whereas on examination of MRI, the patient usually must wait a week or more to know the result.

After undergoing a heart Checkup, doctors can advise the patient to change the pattern of life become more healthy, undergoing further examinations, or provide treatment, depending on the results of the examination.

Side Effects Of Heart Examination
The content of iodine in liquid contrast used in CT scan examination, risk causing allergic reactions in the form of skin itching and reddening, skin rashes, respiratory disorders, or even stop the heart.

On examination, ECG electrodes installed can cause a rash in a patient's body, but generally, it will disappear by itself.

Drugs or physical exercise performed in stress test risk of heart rhythm disorders cause. However, the condition only occurred in the meantime.

Title : Information About The Examination Of The Heart

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