Early Detection Of Cervical Cancer With Pap Smear

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Early Detection Of Cervical Cancer With Pap Smear

Cervical cancer is one of the second types of cancer that attacks women. Unfortunately, there are still many women, especially in Indonesia, who do not routinely check themselves by doing a pap smear.

Pap smear is a test that can check the state of cells in the cervix (cervix) and vagina. With routine examination, changes in cells that may develop into cancer or have become cancer can be detected.

Cervical Cancer Inspection Procedure
To check for cervical cancer, the doctor uses a tool called speculum that is inserted into the vaginal opening. This tool can expand the field of view by opening the mouth of the vagina so that the cervical area and vagina can be examined more thoroughly. After that, a sample of cells in the cervix will be taken using a spatula (like a small spoon long-stemmed) plastic and a small brush. The cells are then sent to the laboratory for testing.

This test usually takes about five minutes. During the procedure, you do not have to tense because most women do not feel pain when doing pap smears.

When doing pap smears, doctors can also combine it with a human papillomavirus test (HPV), especially for women aged 30 years and over. HPV is a virus that causes sexually transmitted infections, which can cause cervical cancer in some women.

Medically Pap smear is safe to do. Even so, there remains the possibility of the negative consequences. You may receive incorrect test results. For example, the test results show that you have normal cells, but they are not. The triggers of such inaccuracies are abnormal cells covered in blood and an abnormal number of abnormal cells. However, the possibility of abnormal cells can be detected if you undergo the next pap smear.

In order to get the results of Pap smear tests as accurate as possible, you should avoid having sex, clean the vagina, and use the vaginal cream for 2 days before the test is done.

Who Needs Pap smears?
Experts recommend women aged 21 and over to perform pap smears. However, if you have been sexually active before that age, it is highly recommended to perform this test.

Actually, your risk of cervical cancer is low if you have not had sex. Even so, you can consider doing a pap smear because there are other things that can trigger cervical cancer such as smoking and heredity.

This test should be done every three years for women aged 21 - 65 years. For women aged 30 - 65 years who are declared negative HPV, it is recommended to do it every five years.

A Pap smear should be more routine if you have an abnormal cell, have a weak immune system, contract HIV virus, undergo chemotherapy and have had an organ transplant.

By regularly undergoing Pap smears, you can prevent yourself from the risk of cervical cancer. Even if you have cancerous cells, doctors can handle it earlier so that the cells do not develop into malignant.

Title : Early Detection Of Cervical Cancer With Pap Smear

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